THE EFFECTIVENESS OF A DENTAL HEALTH EDUCATION PROGRAMME APPLYING SELF-EFFICACY THEORY ON DENTAL HEALTH BEHAVIOR OF PRATHOMSUKSA 4 STUDENTS IN MUANG DISTRICT, NAKRONPATHOM PROVINCE

สิริลักษณ์ รสภิรมย์, อนันต์ มาลารัตน์, จุฑามาศ เทพชัยศรี

Abstract


This quasi–experimental research was designed to study the effectiveness of a dental healtheducation program applying self-efficacy theory on dental health behavior of Prathomsuksa 4 Studentsin Muang district, Nakhon Pathom Province. Two schools with similar features were selected by a randomsampling as the studied groups. The experimental group was 41 Prathomsuksa 4 students from WatBang Khaem School. The control group consisted of Prathomsuksa 4 students from Wat LadplakaoSchool. The experimental group received health education program applying self-efficacy theory ondental health behavior. The control group did not receive the researcher’s health education program. Thedata were collected two times, i.e. before and after applying the health education program. The test,questionnaires, plaque record and the assessment of skill performance were used to collect the data.The data were analyzed by percentage, mean score, standard deviation, independent t-test, pairedsample t-test and ANCOVA methods.

The results of this study were as follows:

1. After receiving the dental health education program applying self-efficacy theory ondental health behavior, the experimental group had better knowledge of dental health care than beforereceiving the dental health education program and better than the control group at .05 level.

2. After receiving the dental health education program applying self-efficacy theory ondental health behavior, there were no difference of self-efficacy of the oral health care before and afterapplying the program on the experimental group. It was found that after controlling the covariate, themean score of self-efficacy of the oral health care of the experimental group was not difference from thecontrol group.

3. After receiving the dental health education program applying self-efficacy theory ondental health behavior, there were no difference in perceived outcome expectation of dental health carebefore and after applying the program on the experimental and there were no difference in perceivedoutcome expectation of dental health care between the experimental group and the control group.

4. After receiving the dental health education program applying self-efficacy theory ondental health behavior, the experimental group had better tooth brushing skill than before receiving thedental health education program

5. After receiving the dental health education program applying self-efficacy theory ondental health behavior, the experimental group had better oral examination skill than before receiving thedental health education program and better than the control group at .05 level.

6. After receiving the dental health education program applying self-efficacy theory ondental health behavior, the experimental group did the correct way of brushing teeth better than beforereceiving the dental health education program. It was found that after controlling the covariate, the meanscore of the correct way of brushing teeth of the experimental group was not difference from the control group.

7. After receiving the dental health education program applying self-efficacy theory ondental health behavior, the experimental group had no difference in simply self dental examination thanbefore receiving the dental health education program. It was found that after controlling the covariate,the mean score of simply self dental examination of the experimental group was not difference from the controlgroup.

8. After receiving the dental health education program applying self-efficacy theory ondental health behavior, there were no difference in food consumption behavior for dental health beforeand after applying the program on the experimental group. There were no difference in food consumptionbehavior for dental health between the experimental group and the control group.

9. After receiving the dental health education program applying self-efficacy theory ondental health behavior, the experimental group had dental plaque less than before receiving the dentalhealth education program and less than the control group at .05 level.


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